Water is the first requirement for all farming. In the entire world less than 15% of arable land has access to continuous water supply all year. In India this situation is worse as the bulk of our food production depends on monsoon season and only a small portion of the land that is used for agriculture receives an uninterrupted flow of fresh water coming from a reliable source. Inefficient farming practices put significant burden on the capacity to yield the best yield.
Pipes for agriculture may, in these instances prove to be the key to the success of the farmers. Pipes are able to be laid under ground to supply water from distant sources and with minimal loss of water as a result of percolation or evaporation, a constant and constant supply of water is assured all year round. In areas where the groundwater is too shallow the lift irrigation could aid in overcoming the issue by drawing water upwards to the surface with the help of the power source.
The correct type of pipe could alter the entire process of irrigation in the agricultural industry in India. The older galvanized steel or cast iron pipes were heavy, expensive and susceptible to rust as well as chemical degradation, but the pace of innovation in this area since then has been astounding.
The quality of the pipes could affect the operation and maintenance of the most sophisticated irrigation systems:
1. They allow the direct absorption of minerals and nutrients from the soil through the roots, through the water supply, resulting in the greatest amount of yield for a hectare.
2. They assist in maintaining the soil fertility and moisture levels.
Traditional Vs New Technology
Traditional irrigation methods like moats, chain pumps and water pulley that is drawn by brute force or power are no longer in use or ineffective. The most efficient and highly modern method of using water to support agriculture that doesn’t waste water is to use central pivots and irrigation (both drip and trickle ) as well as sprinklers (both solid and hand-moved sprinklers) that use agricultural Pipes:
- Drip Irrigation Systems: Strong plastic pipes, with a myriad of tiny holes that allow water to seep into the fields drop by drop. offer a sustainable method to water the farms using very little waste.
- Sprinkler systems artificially mimic the effects of rains, wherein the pipes transport water that is then sprinkled over an area of terrain using sprinklers. One of the most efficient and reliable ways of watering in bumpy and uneven terrains, with a massive coverage.
The following factors are the most important considerations when determining the quality of pipes that will be employed:
- Resistance to fire, chemical corrosion, and fracture.
- Capability to withstand thermal contraction and expansion caused by temperature fluctuations.
Agricultural Pipes can be a great help in providing constant water supply . This is an important step in creating a more sustainable environmental footprint by reducing resources used as well as improving the soil’s texture, and creating more income for farmers in a green method.